How To Grow and Care for Chinese Peony ( Common Garden Peony)?

Chinese peony is among the most popular flowers grown in China and they often show up in gardens all over the world. They are hardy flowers that will bloom from spring until the frost sets in, so if you really want to enjoy them you need to know how to care for them correctly.

In this article, you will go step-by-step through everything you need to know about taking care of your Chinese peony, including when to plant them, how much water they need, and when to fertilize them. 

In order to care for your Chinese peony, you need to know how big they are going to be before you buy them. This is because different Chinese peony grows at different rates. There are two types of Chinese peony:

Low growing Chinese Peony – These are the shrub-like Chinese peonies that grow up to 3 feet high. Medium growing Chinese Peonies – These are the more traditional Chinese peony with flowers up to 5-6 inches in diameter.

Large Chinese Peony – These are the top-of-the-range Chinese peonies and they can grow up to 15 feet high! These plants don’t have any thorns so you do not need to protect your hands or arms when planting or caring for them. I hope this article has been helpful to you in deciding if you want to grow these plants or not. 


Types of Flowers

The Chinese peony is a beautiful flower with a long history. These flowers are very hardy and can survive long periods of time without water. This is perfect for those that have an interest in gardening but don’t have the time to care for their plants.

However, these flowers also need to be grown in a location with enough sunlight. Growing Chinese peony and other types of flowers have never been easier or more important! 

Growing Chinese Peony

Peonies are not typically grown outside of China. Planting peonies can be challenging, as they require well-drained soil, good air circulation, and minimal sunlight. Peonies should be watered every other day during the summer months to avoid root rot or fungal infection.

Once they have bloomed and died, dig up the peony plant and cut it in half. Place each half into a large bucket of compost that is high in potash and low in nitrogen to keep the soil acidic. Peonies can be kept in the buckets for up to five years.  

Caring for growing Chinese Peony plants

Chinese Peony grows best in zones 4-9 and requires full sun, moist and well-drained soil, and plenty of room for the roots to grow. The soil should be rich in compost. They prefer a slightly alkaline pH level. Chinese Peony plants need sufficient water, but not too much so as to create a waterlogged environment or drown the roots.


Caring in the fall 

As summer comes to an end, take special care with your peony plant as it returns from dormancy. During the fall months, the peonies should be kept moist and watered regularly to encourage new growth. Fertilize with a general-purpose fertilizer mixed at half strength during this time. 

When the leaves begin to yellow and shrivel, do not cut them off. Instead, remove as much of the wilted foliage as possible without hurting the plant. The yellowed leaves are needed as a food source for next year’s peony plants. 

Once the temperatures have dropped below freezing, your Chinese peony will be ready for winter and can be placed back in its cold frame or basement storage location until spring arrives. You may find that some of your peonies do not survive; this is not uncommon, especially with younger plants.  If your peony has flowered once prior to frost, you should still give it special care.  

The yellowed leaves will supply the plant with extra nutrition for next season’s growth and can still be removed to protect the rest of the leaves from being damaged by frost or freezing temperatures.

If your peonies are doing particularly well and you want to share your success with others, collect a few seeds before you put them away for winter storage.  Plant them in the spring and enjoy their beautiful blooms for many years to come.

How to care for flowering Chinese Peony plants?

First, plant your peony plant in a well-drained location. Next, make sure to water the plant deeply and then allow the soil to dry out before watering again. Finally, add fertilizer once every six months or so. 

When should I cut young flowering Chinese Peony stalks?

Young flower stalks should be cut off soon after they have bloomed. The best time to do this is when the petals have dropped and the stalks start drooping. The next stage is when the flower stalk stops growing upward and begins to droop. This indicates that it is past it peak.

 The first thing you need to do when caring for a young peony plant is to give it plenty of water. Soil pH should be around 6 or 7 – slightly acidic. Feed plants once in the spring while they are still in their early stages, then stop feeding them until late fall when they have entered


Caring for your peonies and flowers should be a fun and rewarding experience. Follow the tips in this blog post to keep your plants healthy and blooming for as long as possible. However, in case if you still need any help regarding the growing, caring, and flowering of Chinese Peony – you can always drop your comments in the comment box.